ผลลัพธ์ของการพัฒนามหาวิทยาลัยปลอดบุหรี่และการจัดการนโยบายองค์กร<br>OUTCOMES OF A TWO-YEAR SMOKE-FREE UNIVERSITY AND ORGANIZATIONAL POLICY MANAGEMENT

ผลลัพธ์ของการพัฒนามหาวิทยาลัยปลอดบุหรี่และการจัดการนโยบายองค์กร
OUTCOMES OF A TWO-YEAR SMOKE-FREE UNIVERSITY AND ORGANIZATIONAL POLICY MANAGEMENT


ไทย :

This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of the implementation of a smoke-free university policy after two years and to analyze predictors for organizational policy management and smoke-free university. A cross-sectional survey study was designed and undertaken as a baseline in 2014 and as an evaluation in 2016 in a government university within 2 campuses in the Northeast of Thailand. Students and staff/personnel returned questionnaires at a university. There were 891 and 960 people enrolled in to the study in 2014 and 2016, respectively. Outcomes were smoke-free environment, smoking rate, quit rate and variables affecting a smoke-free university. After two years, the smoke-free environment was improved significantly (p<0.001). The smoking rate was not a statistically significant increase, (6.73% in 2014 and 8.42% in 2016, p>0.05). Of this increase, the rate for regular smoking was lower than its expected value by 7.6%. The quit rate significantly increased from 8.33% to 33.96% (p<0.05). Law and organizational support were significant predictors of organizational policy management (adjusted R2 = 19%, p<0.001). Organizational policy management was a significant predictor for being smoke-free university (adjusted R2= 41%, p<0.001). Two years’ experience of implementing a smoke-free university policy showed significant improvements. The organizational policy management directly strengthened these improvements.

Keywords: smoke-free university, organizational policy management, smoking rate, quit rate, Thailand

English :

This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of the implementation of a smoke-free university policy after two years and to analyze predictors for organizational policy management and smoke-free university. A cross-sectional survey study was designed and undertaken as a baseline in 2014 and as an evaluation in 2016 in a government university within 2 campuses in the Northeast of Thailand. Students and staff/personnel returned questionnaires at a university. There were 891 and 960 people enrolled in to the study in 2014 and 2016, respectively. Outcomes were smoke-free environment, smoking rate, quit rate and variables affecting a smoke-free university. After two years, the smoke-free environment was improved significantly (p<0.001). The smoking rate was not a statistically significant increase, (6.73% in 2014 and 8.42% in 2016, p>0.05). Of this increase, the rate for regular smoking was lower than its expected value by 7.6%. The quit rate significantly increased from 8.33% to 33.96% (p<0.05). Law and organizational support were significant predictors of organizational policy management (adjusted R2 = 19%, p<0.001). Organizational policy management was a significant predictor for being smoke-free university (adjusted R2= 41%, p<0.001). Two years’ experience of implementing a smoke-free university policy showed significant improvements. The organizational policy management directly strengthened these improvements.

Keywords: smoke-free university, organizational policy management, smoking rate, quit rate, Thailand